To about the consequences of the international organ trade,

To be more specific, organ transplantation is an effective therapy for end-stage
organ failure and is widely practiced around the world. According to WHO, kidney
transplants are carried out in 91 countries. Over 90.000 organ transplants were performed just in 2005. Even though
the organ demand rates are that high on a worldwide scale the access of
patients to organ transplantation varies according to their national situation
and in some extend determined by the cost of health care, the technical
capacity that the country can offer and, most importantly, the availability for
organs. An important source of organs is a deceased organ donation program
which in some countries is hampered by sociocultural, legal and other factors.
Even in developed countries where organ donation rates are supposed to be much
higher compared to under developed countries they still fail to meet the
increasing demand. The use of live donors for kidney and liver transplantations
is also practiced, but the purchase and sale of organs that originate from live
donors is prohibited in several countries. Thus the shortage of an indigenous
“supply” of organs has led to the development of the international organ trade,
where potential recipients travel abroad to obtain organs through organ
commercial transactions. Such actions have great consequences not only on the
international Health System but also the international community as a whole.
The International Health System is heavily damaged by the illegal organ
trafficking since in several instances newspapers have reported the death of
patients who went abroad for overseas commercial transplants; the abuse, fraud
and coercion of paid kidney donors are also frequently reported. These reports
have raised serious concern about the consequences of the international organ
trade, both for the recipients and the donors. Thanks to the lack of control
the International Health System has over organ trade there have been a report
for heightened frequency of medical complications, including the transmission
of HIV and the hepatitis B and C viruses. In order to stop this threat WHO
gathers information on the international organ trade and transplant tourism, and
makes an effort to synthesize this into a tentative global picture using
multiple research methods. This way WHO was able to at least track the global
organ trading system.

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