There track the votes cast by voters. One of

There has been widespread
concern about the trust issues on counting the amount of vote card during on
the election because it is counted manually. Although the discussion of this
problems have taken place in Malaysia, To many Malaysian the deployment can go
a long way in solving the problems of electoral process while others think only
by reducing the level of corruption in the electoral systems can reduce the
rigging and other serious problems.

 

Traditional
voting process can be divided into different phases:

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1.     Authentication:
In this phase, voter authenticates himself or herself by showing his or her
voting card, this step is public and verified by the presiding officer. At the
end of authentication process, presiding officer give a ballot paper to voter
to cast his or her vote.

 

2.     Vote:
Voters do their candidate selection in a protected booth by writing it with pen
on the vote paper. Then the vote paper will be folded and inserted into the
voting box. All valid and invalid votes are mixed up in the box.

 

3.     Vote counting: At the end
of voting time, the presiding officer collect the ballot box containing all
ballot papers and submit it to the counting centre. The voting boxes are opened
and votes are counted and the results are then announced.

 

There have been
several studies on methods used to improve elections. There are many ways to
track the votes cast by voters. One of it used a set of switches to represent
the candidates. The voters select the candidate by pressing the keypad 3×4 provided
by the election committee 12. Thumb impression for each people has
different pattern. A few researches have been done about the fingerprint
detection in election process. To maximizing the effectiveness and accuracy,
the fingerprint is used for voter’s identification to avoid fake and repeated
voting 3.

 

This paper
presents the development of electronic voting machine which displays count of
votes using 16×2 LCD display interface. Voters make their votes by putting a
mark on their selected candidate. The IR sensor detects the marks and final
votes count can be seen on the LCD. This EVM also provide a sorting features
between valid and invalid votes

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