Problems B.Ed., Assistant Professor, English Shanmuga Industries Arts and

Problems of Leaning
English in India

T.Adalarasu M.A., M.Phil, B.Ed.,

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Assistant Professor, English

Shanmuga Industries Arts and
Science College, Tiruvannamalai,

Email: [email protected] Mobile:
7373159490

Abstract:

            The human society use language as a tool
to communicate, a vent to express their feelings and emotions. In the ancient
time, people communicate through Icons, meaningless sounds etc. Communication
tool language now a day’s diverts people. India is known to be as a
‘Sub-Continent of the world’ due to the various aspects. India looks like a
continent in many ways like Language, Culture etc. English language is being a
world language connects various types of people in the world. Even India has
strong relationship with English. Gandhi’s famous quote in English “Do or Die”
was said by him in the year 1942. This was an energetic speech of Gandhi for
freedom fighters which stimulate their patriotism. Today also English play the
communicative role in perfect manner. This paper focuses various problems of
English language teaching due to some factors.

 Introduction:

            The human society hasspecial
blessings from God that is known as the ‘speech’. The human society starts
their life as barbarians who used to hunt for the food. The barbarian has lot
of free time so he make some paintings unknowingly. Now the paintings are the
evidence to the present world which shows their urge to communicate. Later the
barbarian society starts to stay inpermanent place near River banks. Then they
start to do the agriculture and lead a cultured life, they adopt and share some
Non-lexical sounds for communication purposes. The Non-lexical sounds later
became a language. In ELT a person’s Mother tongue known to be as Source
Language and all other are called to be as Second Language, when learnt for a
specific purpose it turns to be as a Target language. Nowadays the languages
are playing the important role in communicative process. At the sametime
language learning is being a boring one due to the various learning (theoretical)
methods. Each and every methodhas some ways to teach the language to the
learner. For an example Grammar Translation Method (GTM) is the ancient method,
it is direct translationof the concepts from Native language to Second
language.

The ‘Lingua
Franca'(Queen of Languages) title for English language in the Modern world fits
best, because 320 million speaks English all over the world and 200million
people are Second languagelearners in the world.There are many problems faced
by the English language learners. As I observe Indian people face few barriers
which are listed as follows, Beyond the CultureProblems of Sounds and Demerits
of technology.

Beyond
the Culture:

            Cultural terms
and words are specific and unique to that particular language. Indian culture is
the most famous culture in the world; it is famous for its great aspects like
Hospitality, Conjugal life, Social life of the people etc… India has various
languages but English is being anofficial language of India plays a pivotal
role. The Second language learners are often confused with the exact
equivalence. While they learn English due to missing of perfect words to their
cultural terms they stammersto choose the apt word.

S.NO

Source
Language

Target
language

01

??????

Sacred
Ash

02

????

Sacred
Yellow Thread

 

            The above words are from Tamil, the
learner may not find the equivalent word in the target language English because
the terms are belongs to Indian culture.The translation just creates relevant
meaning andnot gave the accurate meaning so as the native term do. The term ?????? used
to mention the Ash which known as ‘High Rich’ but the term ‘Sacred Ash’ not
reflect the same meaning as the native/regional source language term. The term ???? used to mention the ‘Wedding Rope’.It
is a traditional practice to tie sacred yellow thread as an identity of a
married woman. In the ancient time Maple leaves (??????) are tied in that
rope.The term Sacred Yellow Threadfails to express that cultural/traditional
word.

Problems
of Sounds:

            The second language learners are usually
tries to learn English language with the help of their mother tongue. But they
face lot of difficulties while learning the English language, because the target
language has some confusion while/when using the silent letters. A native Tamil
speaker can’t easily understand the silent letters in English, because no
silent letters are found anywhere in Tamil. All the Tamil sounds are to be
pronounced as it is, but in English few terms are silent terms at the time of
pronunciation, but in written we should write the silent letters or else we
will commit spelling error. For an example, in Tsunami’t’ is silent and in
pneumonia ‘P’ is silent in pronunciation. But the Tamil language has no such
silent letters ‘??????’, ‘?????????’.
So thesecond language learners are often feeling uncomfortable and confused in English
language learning.

            At the same time English language
has 26 Alphabets and 44 sounds, The 44 sounds are create by the guidance of
International Phonetics Association (IPA) which was originated from 1886 in
Paris. This organization helps to learners to learn the language without
mistakes. The Tamil native speakers are felt more difficult to learn English
due to the lack of sounds, because Tamil language has 247 sounds in Tamil but
English has only 44 sounds. Above the 44 sounds aren’t reflect the 247 sounds
in correct manner.

Demerits
of technology:

            The technology
development makes every work easy. The technology makes people to be
comfortable and lead the life with joyful. The modern world has various things
to entertain like Face book, Whatsapp, Twitter etc. But sometimes the
Modern technology makes language learning too difficult to understand for the
learners in communication processes. The modern technology makes messages very
short but the short forms aren’t understood by the learners. For an example,
Number – No, Night –nit (or) n8, Morning –Mon etc.

Conclusion:

            India is a nation of various
languagesand multicultural country. English serves at its best in the
Education, Bank sector, Government and Private Job, Social life etc. But
after Indian independence it is tough to decide an official language for India.
And after long discussions English was accepted as official language of India.
C. Rajagopalachari opined that “English language is the Greatest gift of
goddess Saraswati to India” (Arora 13). We have a great past with English but
still for some specific reasons the learners’ feels tough. The English language
learners are learning the language for various purposes and at sometimes
totaste the English literature.Most of the English learners learn English only
for job sake.The English language learning becomes ‘Blind learning’ it is also
a problem in teaching English.

 

 

 

 

Works cited

            Strandgard.D.J. Content and Methods
of Teaching English Paper-II (General Paper), October 2013(Second Edition), Sri
Krishna Publications, Chennai.

            Strandgard.D.J. Innovations in the
Teaching of English Paper-I (Special English), January 2014(reprint), Sri
Krishna Publications, Chennai.

              Arora, Navita. English
Language Teaching: Approaches and Methodologies.

New Delhi: Tata
McGraw Hill Education Private Limited, 2012. 13.

            https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Phonetic_Alphabet#IPA_number

            https://www.internationalphoneticassociation.org/redirected_home

            https://ta.wikipedia.org/wiki/????…            https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/catamaran…

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