“Lord by established relations of domination and subordination. Throughout

“Lord
of the Flies” – is one of the famous philosophical novel by the English
writer William Golding, which shocked the world reader exactly half a century, the
story of a group of boys from the church choir, as a result of an accident on
an uninhabited island. Written with persuasiveness, “The Lord of the
Flies”, in which the author’s reaction to the shock of the Second World
War affected, returned the issue of the natural human essence to the space of
worldview disputes. According to Golding, the war showed how fragile is the
romantic myth about the natural kindness and wisdom of a man hiding in himself
the inexhaustible reserves of hatred and evil. As far as the fascination with
the Rousseau “noble savage”, the call to return to “natural
sociality”, bewitching images of sinless in the absence of the concept of
sin and the splendid in its spontaneity of the hero who inhabited the
“golden age” sung by the ancients can be dangerous.

But what
specifically denotes the notion of “noble savage”? Concept of “the
noble savage” can be define as a man, all of whose character traits are
distinguished by the nobility that he applies to all members of his tribe –
regardless of specific individuals. Nobility in its savagery consists of a
romantic life connected with nature, and is not characterized by established
relations of domination and subordination.

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Throughout
the XX century, most literary critics considered the “Lord of the
Flies” as a novel-warning, a novel – an indication of what can end for
civilization commitment to the ideas of Nazism and fascism. Meanwhile, the
political component of the work is just one of the historical details, while
the meaning of the “Lord of the flies” is more extensive and
comprehensive. In his novel Golding showed not specific, time-specific ideas,
but the timeless essence of human nature – sinful, terrible, descending to the
most violent crimes in the absence of positive deterrent force.

 

The plot of
the novel is at the time of the acquaintance of Ralph and Piggy: the boys who
met after the plane crash try to understand what happened to them and outline
ways of solving the problem. Collected by the trumpet voice of the seahorn,
English children first try to preserve on the island the cultural and
civilizational foundations of their country.

Boys set
the rules, the most important of which is the constant maintenance of a smoking
fire. The fire in the “Lord of the Flies” becomes a symbol of life –
it serves as a hope for salvation, about him are heated and dispersed nightly
fears. To protect against rain, children build huts, a secluded place for the
restroom. Older boys help kids to get high-growing fruits. Life on the island
is almost perfect: the twelve-year-old Ralph perceives a new, deprived adult
world as a fairy tale, an idyll in which everything is fine. Other children
initially relate to what happened to them as a game: the kids build sand
castles on the beach, former choristers led by Jack Meridew become “hunters.”

Everything
changes with the first blood. As soon as Jack realizes that he can kill a pig,
the hunt of fun turns into a way of life. Following his leader, the former
choristers change beyond recognition: they inflict bloodthirsty masks on their
faces and give themselves completely to the thirst for murder. The sense of
one’s own importance and power eclipses everything – including the desire to
return to the familiar world of people. In the beginning, the hunters toss the
fire, then turn into a wild tribe led by the Leader, whose orders are executed
without question.

The image
of the Beast in the novel correlates with the image of the Devil (“lord of
the flies” – in translation from Hebrew means “Beelzebub”).
Initially, the Beast appears in the nightmares of kids who see it as a
“snake” hanging on trees. Optimistic Ralph thinks the Beast is a
fiction, Piggy denies his existence, relying on scientific knowledge of the
world, the other guys are secretly afraid of who can kill them, not knowing that,
first of all, they need to fear themselves. This knowledge is revealed only to
one of the boys – the weakest and, at the same time, the most reasonable –
constantly falling into a swoon Simon. Faced one on one with a pig’s head, he
begins to mentally talk to her and receives a clear answer that the Beast is an
“inseparable part” of himself.

A
full-fledged Beast consists of a set of small “beasts”, which become
feral hunters: starting with the destruction of pigs, they end up killing their
own kind. Initially hunting for a person they disguise as a game: one boy
depicts a pig, others pretend that they drive “her” into a trap and
kill. Then the animal instincts of once civilized children come out and the
murder is really committed.

Ralph, Piggy
and the twins Eric and Sam, who became unwitting witnesses and, possibly,
participants in the murder of Simon, are so shocked by what happened that they
try to pretend that it was not. The subsequent murder of Piglet, committed in
the light of the sun, and the harassment of Ralph serve as the culmination of
the “Lord of the Flies.” Finally, distraught children let out their
internal “Beast” and stop only in the presence of a more formidable,
creative force – the English officer who landed on the island. The latter
becomes in the novel the prototype of the supreme divine principle, at once stopped
all disputes and strife and with its one presence of the victorious Devil.

The
artistic images of boys are correlated in the novel with a concrete human
beginning: Ralph is kind, cultured, striving for order, not afraid of
responsibility; Piggy is a tongue-tied, intelligent, reasoning inventor; Simon
is a weak, philosopher-individualist seeing at the root; Jack is an ambitious
dictator; Roger – obsequious servant and cruel sadist; twins Eric and Sam are
simple, flowing people, sympathetic to good, but inclined under brute force;
toddlers are still fragile persons who have not had time to make a choice
between good and evil, but who feel the latter intuitively.

The
uninhabited island in the “Lord of the Flies” becomes a symbolic
depiction of the Earth on which the Ralph and Piggy communities are created and
the civilizations (the Jack tribe) are collapsing, new states are formed (the
division of the boys into two camps), diplomatic negotiations (Ralph – Jack)
wars (Jack, Maurice and Roger attack Ralph and Piggy), new religious views are
formed (worship of “Lord of the Flies”).

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