Khurram ever growing problem, so much so that hands

 

Khurram Khalil
Fa15-Bse-061-Asheikhkhurram34

M. Asad

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M.Ameer Abdul Rehman

Fa15-Bse-082-Aabdul
[email protected]

Comsats,
Lahore

 

Abstract— Over the past few years We have
noticed a significant increase in the use of cell phones. While many socially
conscious people learned how to use a cell phone appropriately there are many
who have ignored its proper etiquette. This is an ever growing problem, so much
so that hands free laws have been implemented throughout the United States to
help curb the maladaptive use of cell phones. So this work was to help
determine if cell phones are causing damage to our society. Varies data was
pulled from several resources to get a better understanding on this problem.
While cell phones were found to be used responsibly by most, data did indicate
that there was a potential for abusive behavior, even addictive behavior. The
studies branch off into psychological addiction and physiological addiction.
Current studies definitely show psychological addiction however it is agreed
that further study is needed to prove physiological addiction. While it is
unlikely that cell phones will go away, the probability of more serious
disorders to be diagnosed in the near future are great. Cell phones are
damaging our society but to what extent, are still unknown.

 

                                                                                                                                                                    
I.           
introduction

There are a wide variety of addictions that
young adults learn through time. One of the most widely spread addictions in
teenagers across the United States and other countries is cell phone addiction.
There is a shocking amount of teens in this country that have cell phones,
tablets or other mobile devices. According to Teens and Technology, about three
in four, 75% of teens ages 12-17 have access to many different mobile devices.
Cell phones involving social media and internet access has become a major issue
affecting the way teenagers learn and interact with others.
     Technology is a very compelling device that is
extremely easy to become addicted to. Without cellphones teenagers feel at loss
as if they do not have any connection to the outer world, at least, that is how
I feel. Our phones our are lives, it is my life. This generation has been known
as the most unsocial generation due to the rapid speed of technology over the
past couple of years. With this kind of addiction it makes interacting online
for us teenagers much easier than interacting in person. Technology plays a
bigger roll in our lives than we think, it is effecting more than we think.
Technology is bigger than we .

                                                          
II.           
researches
much research has done on cell phones in different perspectives

·        
Fortunati
(2002) sees the mobile phone phenomenon as not only changing how society
communicates, but even affecting our society regarding how we define cellular
phone device and how it is acceptable in social spaces.

·        
Rice
and Katz (2003) revealed that mobile phone usage is associated with income,
work status, and marital status of the potential users. Prezza (2004) claimed
that mobile phone usage among adolescents was almost independent type of class
(computer science or not), gender and socio-economic status. Carbonell et al.
(2008) proclaimed that excessive mobile phones usage does not lead to the rapid
emotional changes so it can be considered abuse but not addiction.

·        
Study
conducted by Nielsen group (2008) found that the average number of text messages
had surpassed the average number of phone calls. This study found that while
cell phone calls remained consistent in recent years, the number of text
messages had risen 450% in the past two years. Text messages are the most
prevalent example of the versatility of mobile phones. Once seen as a secondary
function, it has now overtaken traditional phone calls as the most popular form
of communicating with a mobile device.

 

           
III.           
Addiction of
mobile at National Level

 The number
of cell-phone lines exceeded 53.6?million in Spain, which was1.4% higher
than that of the previous year, with a penetration of 108.5% National
Commission of Markets and Competence . This amounts to
slightly greater than one cell phone per person, and 81% of these cell-phone
lines were associated with smartphones in 2014 Telephonic Foundation . The age
of cell phone initiation is becoming increasingly younger: 30% of 10-year-old
Spanish children have a cell phone; the rate increases to nearly 70% at age 12
and 83% at age 14. Furthermore, starting at the age of 2–3?years,
Spanish children habitually access their parents’ devices

 

           
IV.           
Research
Questions This survey based study has been designed to dig out answers to
the following research questions

RQ#1: Why do the teenagers use cell phones?

 RQ#2: What is the perception
of the teenagers regarding mobile phone usage of other persons?

RQ#3: Do the teenagers of parents checks phones of their off
springs?

 RQ#4:
Do the teenagers alter the names of opposite sex in their contact list?

 RQ#5: Do the teenagers
attend the calls during lecture? RQ#6:
What is the perception of the teenagers regarding the usage of their own cell
phones?

RQ#7: What is the apt age for the cell phones usage in view of
teenagers?

RQ#8: What are the other medium of communication and information
beside cell phones among teenagers?

 RQ#9:
What is the opinion of teenagers regarding the exigency of cell phones for
life?

RQ#10: Which one is the foremost usage of cell phone; text
messaging or call?

 

              
V.           
Hypothesis:

In the light of literature review and pilot study the
following hypotheses have been formulated and tested.

1. Most of the teenagers would use cell phone to remain in
touch with others.

2. Most of the teenage boys and girls think that other
people are not making right use of mobile phones. 3. Most of the teenage girls
parents would more likely to check mobile phones of their daughters as compared
to the teenage boys parents.

4. Most of the teenage girls would more likely to change
names of the opposite sex in contact list as compared to boys.

5. The ratio of attending phone calls during the lecture
would be lesser among teenage girls as compared to teenage boys.

 6. Majority of the
teenagers believe that they are using mobile phones rightly.

 7. It is more likely
that majority would think that 19 and above is an appropriate age to hand over
the cell phones to anyone.

 8. Majority of the
teenagers (Boys and girls) would prefer mobile phones as communication and
information medium as their first priority instead of TV or newspapers.

9. Majority among the teenagers is of the view that the life
without cell phones would not be completed.

10. The text
messaging behavior would be higher instead of calling among the teenager cell
phones users.

Cell
Phones Breakdown Communication

A.      Personal
Communication: There is far less face to face communication with the many
applications that cell phones offer.

B.      Effect
on Family Unit: Cell phones affect family cohesiveness.

C.      Future
Effects: The effects on future generations that only
knowing this type of communication

Cell
Phones and Driving

A.      The
effects of driving and talking:

1.       The
driver

2.       The
non-driver

B.      The
effects on society (laws)

Cell Phone Addiction

A.      Who is
it affecting: Children, parents, businesses, and law enforcement.

B.      What are
the symptoms/signs:

1.       Psychological

2.       Physiological

C.      Treatments
available.

 

 

Statistics

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                    
VI.           
Conclusion

A.      Evaluation:
Prove beyond a reasonable doubt that cell phones can be and are harmful.

B.      Conclusion:  Based
on the preponderance of the evidence that cell phones and cell phone addiction
are something’s that we should not take lightly.

The
study explored the preceptions of 627 teenagers boys and girls of
South Punjab about cell phones usage pattern. The total sample was 317 and 310
boys and girls belonging to various educational institutes of Multan-ranging
from high schools, public and private colleges and Bahauddin Zakariya
University, leading public sector educational organizations in Southern Punjab.
The study primarily aimed to explore general consumption patterns of cell
phones among teenagers in the South Punjab-Pakistan

 

                                                                                                                                                                 
VII.           
References

http://propakistani.pk/2010/06/24/pakistanregisters-98-millionmobile-phone-users/.
http://source.southuniversity.edu/health-risks-of-using-mobile-phones-137310.aspx

 http://www.trl.co.uk/case-studies/behaviour-dangers-of-texting-whilst-driving/

 

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