Introduction: started cybercrime by trying to break into computer

Introduction: In
this Modern era, cybercrime has become a buzzword. Actually, Cybercrime means
illegal activity through computer or related devices as a tool and the internet
as a connection in order to reach a variety of objectives .1

Hackers
were first started cybercrime by trying to break into computer networks.1
Some of them had done it only for the thrill of accessing high-level security
networks, but others for sought to gain many sensitive, classified and secret
materials.1 Criminals started to infect computer networking systems with
viruses that leads to breakdowns on 
business as well as personal computers.1 Nowadays, hackers
and other criminals in the virtual world are always trying to get the most sensitive
and secret data & information at least amount cost by viruses and also
other types of malicious soft-wares.2

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Infact, the
Internet is the largest chain of computer network that are connected together
which had a great impact to connect us globally by allowing the transmission of
information, messages, and data 2.Besides these opportunities, Unfortunately this
largest network connectivity also allows lawless individuals to communicate
with other lawless individuals as well as with their victims.2

In
this assignment, we will try to discuss about cybercrime in detail including the
types, methods, technical reasons and adverse impact of cyber crimes on a
network as well as the behavior , psychology behind this crime & some
effective solutions .

 

Some common Cybercrimes are:6

1. Phishing Scams

2. Online Scams

3. Malware

4. Email Bombing

5. Virus Dissemination

6. Logic Bombs

7. Theft

8. Social Media Hack & Spamming

9. Electronic Money Laundering

10. Sales & Investment Fraud

11. Eavesdropping & Surveillance

12. Software Piracy

13. Data Diddling

14. Salami Slicing Attack

15. Hacking(website ,social
account)

16. Cyber Stalking

17. Cyber Bullying

18. Identity Theft

19. Child Soliciting & Abuse

20. Ransomware

 

Technical
Reasons : There
are many technical reasons behind these crimes. Some technical reasons behind cyber
crimes are as follows:

 

•     
Lack
of reporting and standards4

•     
Tough
to identify4

•     
Limited
media coverage.4

•     
Least
marginal cost of online activity due to global 
reach.4

•     
A
very few rate of Official investigation and criminal prosecution4

•     
Capability
of computer to store data in comparatively small space.4

•     
Easy
to access4

•     
Complexities
in operating systems code4

•     
Lake
of evidence4

•     
Negligence4

•     
Loopholes
in systems5

•     
Confidential
information in online5

 

The threats of
cybercrime to the network security are not only for several organizations, but
can be observed all over the world in

different
countries.

 

Relative risk of
running computer networks around the world are shown bellow:2

Name of the Country

Parcentages(%)

Chile

61%

China

45%

South Koria

35%

US

7%

Germany

7%

Japan

6%

UK

6%

Sweden

4%

Narway

3%

 

Network security:2

Its very alarming for
our country also. Now, its urgent to prevent cyber crimes. So we all should try
to use proper network security.

Some  common types of Information Security Network

Protection(
ISNP) packages are as follows:

1.BlackIce

2.Conseal PC

3.Tiny

4.Protect X

5.Sygate Firewall

6.Win Route Pro

7.Zone Alarm

8.At Guard

9.Esafe Desktop

10.Hack tracer

10.Internet

Firewall 2000

 

 

Benefits of Network Securities:
Network securities are very essential to prevent cyber crimes due to many
benefits  such as:

1.Reduces
unauthorized lawless individuals from accessing someone’s

network.2

2.Gives transparent
& legal access to Internet-enabled users.2

3.Ensure that
the  sensitive data & information is
transferred safely by the public network.2

4.Provide network
managers to search and fix security problems.2

5.Gives a
effective system of warning alarms attempt to access network.2

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