In the governance, the paper is potentially used to support demand of document
and correspondence creation in larga scale. In this case, wood is a base
material in production of paper. It means, exploitation of lumber forest
unavoidable. Thus, Unconciously, policy makers are conceivably participate to
reduce the growth of forest when it consumi excessively. The use of paper
extravagantly has a various impact for environment : The lack of number of
trees, deficiency of water availibility and global warming. The Impact of paper
use on the environment are :
Firstly, The lack of number of trees, Indonesia is the sixth largest
paper producing country in the world (menperindag).
The Use of paper reach 72 ton per year (Indonesian
Pulp and Paper Association). To Produce a ream of paper takes approximately
one tree with five years age. It can be
imagined how the increasing number of trees that will be felled to fulfill a
necessity of paper substance. This condition will be more serious if
replantation not be done.
Secondly, deficiency of water
availibility is caused by decreasing of number of forests. Whereas, the
existance of forest is mostly to induce rain water to fall directly on the soil
surface and it will be absorbed by plant roots.
Moreover, the forest is an effective restraint and absorption water
area. Therefore, the less of number of forest, the less of amount of clean
water and higienic.
Finally, The exsessive logging is one of causes global warming, nature
condition which is motivated by incapability of athmosphere to accommodate wide
range of gasses to shoved up the earth. (linesa
Journal of chemistry vol. 3 No. 2, may 2014), and it will destroy
environment parity. Thus, the earth surface temperature will increase and,
global warming will haunt human lives gradually. This condition will take
impact for many sectors such as impact of melt of ice in polar regions,
increase of sea water level which causes the lack of mindland, drought of
agricultural area, etc.
However, the solution to this case is persist. it depends on the
consciousness and desire of each human being in saving forest. There are
various way to decrease impact of paper
use on the environment: they are : firstly, replantation, this way is more
effective to avoid deforestation. Secondly, used a paper in every piece of
paper. The impact can be reduced by policy maker with use dobleside of paper
and print the document when extremly need it. Thirdly, replacing wood as material
of paper instead waste banana stem and other fiber material can be used , finally, the recycle of paper waste is a
discreet way to solve the matter. Paper waste can be recycled into a pencil box,
partition paper, etc.
Forest is water absorbsion, a giant umbrella and the lungs of the
world. The forest is the key of parity of nature ecosystems. When deforestation
occurs, the balance of nature ecosystem becomes unstable. Tree is potencially
to contribute of oxygen for human survival. Then, it is proper for human being
to maintain stability of the ecosystem.