If I dropped a Tarantula down your back would you freak out? If I took you in a plane to where everything looked like ants down below would you have an anxiety attack? Would you be left feeling nauseas, or unable to move. Would you hyperventilate and suffer a serious heart attack right there sitting on your chair? If you would, you may have a phobia. A phobia is an extreme or irrational fear.Everybody suffers from some kind of fear. Most fears start from scary events/things that occur in the sufferers childhood. They’re often linked to a frightening event or stressful situation. However, it’s not always clear why some phobias occur. There’s a difference between a fear and a phobia: How can you distinguish a justifiable fear from a phobia? In a phobia there are fears that are irrational, given the reality of the situation. For example, anyone may be afraid of an unrestrained, menacing dog. But most people do not run away from a calm, quiet animal on a leash. People with dog phobias avoid all dogs. There is avoidance of triggers. People with phobias may go to great lengths to avoid the things that trigger their phobia. For example, they may walk up 10 flights of stairs to avoid using an elevator. There are anxiety-related physical symptoms. These can include tremors, palpitations, sweating, shortness of breath, dizziness and nausea (Anthony Komaroff) A fear is an unpleasant emotion caused by the belief that someone or something is dangerous, likely to cause pain, or a threat. A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder, defined by a persistent fear of an object or situation: The primary distinguishing feature of a phobia is the recurrent, irrational fear of a specific object or situation. Exposure to the feared object or situation results in an immediate and intense level of anxiety, sometimes to the extent of having a panic attack. Despite recognizing that this anxiety is excessive, an individual with a phobia will go to great lengths to avoid exposure to the feared object or situation in order to prevent the emotional distress it causes. This anxiety and its associated avoidance behaviors cause significant emotional distress, and may considerably interfere with daily functioning and interpersonal relationships (Angeles) Usually you can get help if you have a phobia but you can grow out of fears.If someone in your family has a fear of spiders (arachnophobia), you may also develop the same fear yourself. In other cases it could be in the family environment, such as having parents who are anxious, may also affect the way you deal with anxiety later in life. The most common phobias in the world are: Ophidiophobia, Agoraphobia, Cynophobia, Astraphobia, Claustrophobia, Mysophobia, Aerophobia, and Trypophobia. There are plenty more but these are some of the more common phobias. Ophidiophobia is the fear of snakes. It is sometimes called by a more general term, herpetophobia, fear of reptiles or amphibians. The word comes from the Greek words “ophis” which refers to snake and “phobia” meaning fear. Agoraphobia is the fear of open or crowded spaces. It’s an anxiety disorder characterized by symptoms of anxiety in situations where the person perceives the environment to be unsafe with no easy way to get away. Another phobia that is similar to agoraphobia is social phobia. Social phobia means the individual is fearful or anxious about or avoidant of social interactions and situations that involve the possibility of being scrutinized. Cynophobia is the fear of dogs. According to Dr. Timothy O. Rentz of the Laboratory for the Study of Anxiety Disorders at the University of Texas, animal phobias are among the most common of the specific phobias and 36% of patients who seek treatment report being afraid of dogs or cats. Astraphobia is the fear of thunder/ lightning. A person with astraphobia will often feel anxious during a thunderstorm even when they understand that the threat to them is minimal. Some symptoms are those accompanied with many phobias, such as trembling, crying, sweating, panicked reactions, the sudden feeling of using the bathroom, nausea, the feeling of dread, fingers in the ears and rapid heartbeat. Claustrophobia is the fear of small places. The fear of being enclosed in a small space or room and unable to escape. It can be triggered by many situations or stimuli, including elevators crowded to capacity, windowless rooms, small cars and even tight-necked clothing. Mysophobia is the fear of germs, also known as verminophobia, germophobia, germaphobia, bacillophobia and bacteriophobia, is a pathological fear of contamination and germs. The term was coined by William A. Hammond in 1879 when describing a case of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) exhibited in repeatedly washing one’s hands. Aerophobia is the fear of flying. fear of being on an airplane (aeroplane), or other flying vehicle, such as a helicopter, while in flight. It is also referred to as flying phobia, flight phobia, aviophobia or aerophobia. Trypophobia is the fear of holes. A proposed phobia of irregular patterns or clusters of small holes or bumps. The condition is not officially recognized as a mental disorder, and is rarely referenced in scientific literature. Although few studies have been done on trypophobia,”the Essex research team found that 16 percent of participants reported trypophobic reactions”(University of Essex), researchers hypothesize that it is the result of a biological revulsion that associates trypophobic shapes with danger or disease, and may therefore have an evolutionary basis.Out of all the phobias in the world, there and a lot that are made up. But there is also treatments for them. Many people with a phobia don’t need treatment, and avoiding the object of their fear is enough to control the problem. However, it may not always be possible to avoid certain phobias, such as a fear of flying. In this instance, you may decide to get professional help and advice to find out about treatment options.Most phobias are curable, but no single treatment is guaranteed to work for all phobias. In some cases, a combination of different treatments may be recommended.Talking treatments, such as counselling and psychotherapy, are often very effective methods for treating phobias. In particular, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and mindfulness have been found to be very effective methods of treating phobias. CBT is a type of counselling that can help you manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave. It can be used to develop practical ways of dealing with your phobia.One part of the CBT treatment process that’s often used to treat simple phobias involves gradual exposure to your fear, so you feel less anxious about it. This is known as desensitisation or exposure therapy.For example, if you have a fear of snakes (ophidiophobia), your therapist may start by asking you to read about snakes. They may later show you a picture of a snake. They may then arrange for you to visit the reptile house of your local zoo to look at some real snakes. The final step would be for you to hold a snake.Exposure therapy works by gradually increasing the level of exposure to your fear, which allows you to gain control over your phobia. As the treatment progresses, you should begin to feel less anxious about your phobia.The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) doesn’t recommend the use of computerised CBT to treat specific phobias in adults. The most common and disabling symptom of a phobia is a panic attack. You’ll know if you’re having a panic attack when your heart races or if you get a shortness in breath or dry mouth and an upset stomach ” when fears become so severe that they cause tremendous anxiety and interfere with your normal life…”(Melinda Smith, M.A.) A person with a phobia doesn’t have to have panic attacks for accurate diagnosis, however. If you have a phobia, it’s critical that you seek treatment. Overcoming phobias can be difficult, but there’s hope. With the right treatment, you can learn to manage your fears and lead a productive, fulfilling life.If you ever wanna know more about phobias but dont like to read, there are plenty of movies out there like: The Walk (Acrophobia (fear of heights) and Alive (Aerophobia (fear of flying) These might be more interesting then reading articles.One of my biggest phobias would have to be Trypophobia, which is the fear of holes. There is really no real reason why it’s one of my phobias. For trypophobes, the sight of clusters of holes in various formations can cause intensely unpleasant reactions – from serious migraines and panic attacks to hot sweats and increased heart rate. Everyone is afraid of something, if it’s spiders or heights. There’s nothing wrong with having a fear or a phobia. Even the strongest man alive is scared of something. You’ll just have to understand that the things you’re scared of are more scared of you. There’s a phobia for almost everything. Maybe you’ll find out if you have a phobia.