DIET, (kg/m2) (WHO, 2016). A person with BMI greater

DIET,
OBESITY AND METABOLIC DISEASE

 

INTRODUCTION

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Obesity has emerged as a
pervasive public health problem in the last decade. The disorder manifests as
the abnormal or excessive fat accumulation in adipocytes after an excessive
calorie ingestion through consumption of food that exceeds the body’s metabolic
necessities for growth and development and may impair the health of the
individual. The overweight and obesity can be diagnosed by checking the Body
mass index (BMI), which is a simple index of weight-for-height. It is defined
as a person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of his height in meters
(kg/m2) (WHO, 2016). A person with BMI greater than or equal to 25
is inferred to be overweight and one with a BMI greater than or equal to 30 is
classified to be obese. The fundamental reason for this is the imbalance
between calorie intake and calorie expended by an individual. WHO database show
that, the prevalence of obesity globally was about 13% of the world’s adult
population (11% of men and 15% of women) in 2016 and that of metabolic syndrome
(MS) is estimated to be between 20-25% and is associated with a two-fold
increase in the risk of coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and a
1.5-fold increase in the risk of all-cause mortality. The
frequency of obesity got nearly triple folded since 1975, arguably making it
the most serious global epidemic. In 2016, more than 1.9 billion adults, who
were 18 years and older and 41 million children under the age of 5 were
overweight or obese (WHO, 2016). Globalization has deeply affected people and
the way they live and eat. It has brought forth a need and urge to consume high
calorie diets from fast food chains. Researches that were conducted on the
possible outcomes and health hazards which includes obesity and other metabolic
disorders, has proved that it is time to start limiting the intake and focus
more on an everyday healthy diet. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and
cardiovascular disease is expected to rise along with the global obesity
epidemic, therefore a greater emphasis should be given to effective early
weight-management to reduce risk in pre-symptomatic individuals with large
waists (Thang S Han, 2016).

 

OBESITY,
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES AND METABOLIC SYNDROME

A person can be diagnosed if he
has metabolic syndrome if any 3 among increased waist circumference (?102 cm in
men and ? 88 cm in women elevated triglycerides (?150 mg/dl), reduced HDL
cholesterol (

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